Is it OK for horses to eat clover?

Clover can be a good feed source for most horses because it provides useful energy and adequate protein and fiber. You can use clover in hay or pastures. Clovers can sometimes mold, which causes slobbers, photosensitivity (reactive to light) and bleeding.

Is clover toxic to horses?

The clover plants themselves are non-toxic and it is the fungus that contains the toxin slaframine that causes the undesirable symptoms in horses. … Unlike the relatively non-toxic red and white clovers, alsike clover is known to cause two more serious conditions in horses: photosensitization and big liver syndrome.

How much clover is OK for horses?

As a general guideline, alsike clover should make up less than five percent of horse feed.

Why is white clover bad for horses?

Alsike clover can cause “clover poisoning” which results in photosensitisation and liver disease. Photosensitisation is usually the initial sign of poisoning and is secondary to the effects of liver damage. The liver is damaged by substances called alkaloids contained in the clover.

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Why do horses drool after eating clover?

The fungus produces a toxin called slaframine that stimulates the salivary glands of horses causing them to drool – sometimes in alarming quantities. If the fungus is growing on red clover that is baled for hay, it will persist and can cause horses to drool when they consume the hay.

Can horses eat too much red clover?

Red clover poisoning will cause your horse to slobber excessively. Red clover poisoning is also known as Slaframine poisoning or the slobbers. It is not life-threatening and many times horses do not show any other symptoms other than excessive salivation. Red clover poisoning can affect all horses of any age.

Does clover cause liver damage in horses?

Although most clovers are a safe and valuable addition to many pasture mixtures, the Alsike clover (Trifolium hybridum) is known to cause photosensitivity and liver damage to horses.

Does clover cause laminitis?

Clover and alfalfa are dangerous for horses who are susceptible to laminitis. True. Clover and alfalfa contain relatively high levels of sugars and starch, both in pasture and as part of hay. These nutrients can start the chain of events that leads to digestive laminitis.

Is clover good for pasture?

Clover is a valuable addition to any pasture or hay mix. Being in the legume family, they supply lots of high quality protein, relative feed value, and other nutrients and they’re very palatable, too.

Can a horse founder on clover?

There is no fructan in warm-season grasses, yet horses can still founder on them. Since the same environmental conditions that create high fructan concentrations also increase sugar and starch levels, it’s best to just limit all NSCs.

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Will horses eat white clover?

Clover can be a good feed source for most horses because it provides useful energy and adequate protein and fiber. You can use clover in hay or pastures. Clovers can sometimes mold, which causes slobbers, photosensitivity (reactive to light) and bleeding.

Is white clover poisonous?

Summary: The common weed known as white clover releases toxic cyanide when its leaf tissues are damaged.

Which cut of hay is best for horses?

The most common choice of hay is second cutting, but first cutting is also good for horses, plus it is usually cheaper than the other two. Choose hay that is soft, green, and leafy, with thin stems, so it is easier for horses to eat.

How long do horse slobbers last?

The fungus produces the mycotoxin slaframine which causes the slobbers. It can be present on both pasture and in stored dry hay. The fungus persists on infected fields from year to year. Slaframine will persist in stored hay for 10 months or more; though its biological activity decreases.

What does it mean when a horse slobbers?

Slobbers or slaframine poisoning occurs when a horse eats white or red clover, alsike clover and alfalfa growing in its pasture that is infected with a fungus called. This fungus tends to grow during wet cool weather and appears as black spots on the plant, resulting in its common name of “black patch disease.”