Quick Answer: What does EIA do to horses?

What is EIA? Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA), sometimes called ‘swamp fever’ is an infectious disease that causes acute, chronic or symptomless illness, characterized by fever, anemia, swelling and weight loss in horses, ponies, mules and donkeys.

What happens when a horse gets EIA?

EIAV attacks the horse’s immune system. Clinical signs include muscle weakness, progressive loss of condition, and poor stamina. An affected horse might also develop a fever, depression, and anemia.

Can a horse live with EIA?

As there is no known treatment for EIA and infected horses become lifelong carriers posing a risk to other horses, any horse confirmed positive for EIA must be quarantined and isolated 200 yards away from all other horses. If appropriate isolation is not available, the owner may opt for humane euthanasia.

How do you treat EIA in horses?

How is equine infectious anemia treated? There is no treatment or “cure” for EIA. If you suspect that your horse may be infected, call your veterinarian immediately, move the horse at least 200 yards away from other horses and reduce exposure to biting flies. Equine infectious anemia is a reportable disease.

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What are symptoms of EIA?

Symptoms of EIA

  • fever.
  • anorexia.
  • depression.
  • swelling of the underside of the belly and legs.
  • muscle weakness and wasting.
  • jaundice of mucous membranes.
  • infertility.
  • vulnerability to other diseases.

Is Equine Infectious Anemia a virus?

Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA) is a viral disease affecting only members of the equidae family (horses, ponies, zebras, mules, and donkeys). There is no vaccine or treatment for the disease. Infection is often in-apparent and results in a lifelong carrier state if the horse survives the acute phase of the infection.

What happens if a horse has a positive Coggins test?

What happens when a horse tests positive for EIA? After the result is verified, the law states that the horse’s owner has two choices- euthanasia or quarantine. If quarantine is chosen, the horse must be branded with a special “55A” and ID number on the left side of the neck.

Is EIA a Coggins?

A Coggins test is a blood test used to identify the presence of antibodies for Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA). Equine Infectious Anemia is a potentially fatal disease with no current treatment available.

Is EIA contagious?

Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA) is a contagious viral disease that affects horses worldwide. EIA is a disease of all equidae. Other livestock are not known to be affected by this virus. EIA is also known as swamp fever because of the higher incidence of this disease in the Gulf Coast states.

How do you prevent EIA in horses?

Protecting Your Horse from EIA

  1. Use disposable needles and syringes, one per horse, when administering vaccines and medications.
  2. Sterilize dental tools and other instruments before using them on another horse.
  3. Test all horses for EIA at least annually.
  4. Test horses at the time of purchase examination.
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What can cause anemia in horses?

The main causes of anemia in horses are blood loss (usually from injury, but also from conditions like cancer or gastric ulcers), blood-cell destruction and reduced red blood cell production. Some infections, including equine infectious anemia, babesiosis and trypanosomiasis, lead to the destruction of red blood cells.

What body system does equine infectious anemia affect?

Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA) is a viral disease that affects the horse’s immune system. The virus reproduces in the horse’s blood cells and circulates throughout the body.

What causes feline infectious anemia?

Feline infectious anaemia (FIA) is the term used to describe a disease caused by a group of specialised bacteria (called mycoplasmas) that infect red blood cells in the circulation. These bacteria or mycoplasmas are collectively known as ‘haemoplasmas’.

How do you test for EIA?

Agar gel immunodiffusion (AGID). Also known as the Coggins test, AGID is the most widely accepted procedure for the diagnosis of EIA. The test detects antibody against the viral p26 antigen (major core protein). It is the only procedure that has been statistically correlated with the presence of EIA virus in blood.