What clover can horses eat?

When used as a feed source, clover can provide your horses with sufficient protein, energy, and fiber to help meet their daily requirements. The three varieties that will most commonly grow in your horse’s pastures are red clover, white clover, and alsike clover.

Are horses allowed to eat clover?

Red clover has always been regarded as a most acceptable clover for horses because of its summer growth habit. … In most cases horses prefer to graze other pasture species and weeds in the paddock.

Is clover poisonous to horses?

Alsike clover can cause “clover poisoning” which results in photosensitisation and liver disease. Photosensitisation is usually the initial sign of poisoning and is secondary to the effects of liver damage. The liver is damaged by substances called alkaloids contained in the clover.

Is red clover harmful to horses?

Red clover poisoning can affect all horses of any age. … The actual red clover plant is not toxic; however, the toxin associated with red clover poisoning is slaframine and is produced by a fungus called Rhizoctonia leguminicola. This fungus grows on red clover during high humidity, drought, or continuous grazing.

IT IS INTERESTING:  What do horse eat out of?

Is white clover toxic?

The common weed known as white clover releases toxic cyanide when its leaf tissues are damaged. This chemical defense, a response called cyanogenesis, helps it to deter insect pests.

How much clover is too much for horses?

Some clovers in other parts of the U.S. have been associated with several health issues in horses when it exceeds 20 percent to 40 percent of a forage stand and becomes infected with fungal pathogens.

Will horses eat white clover?

Clover can be a good feed source for most horses because it provides useful energy and adequate protein and fiber. You can use clover in hay or pastures. Clovers can sometimes mold, which causes slobbers, photosensitivity (reactive to light) and bleeding.

Why do horses drool after eating clover?

The fungus produces a toxin called slaframine that stimulates the salivary glands of horses causing them to drool – sometimes in alarming quantities. If the fungus is growing on red clover that is baled for hay, it will persist and can cause horses to drool when they consume the hay.

Is clover good for pasture?

Research has shown that clovers improve animal gains and conception rates. … Clovers are more digestible and contain more nutrients than grasses. Their presence in a pasture improves the palatability of the forage, which will increase the amount and quality of the forage the animal consumes.

What is the difference between red clover and white clover?

Red clover grows tall and upright, while white clover grows shorter in height and spreads laterally. Red clover is has a short life-cycle, approximately two to three years, while white clover is a persistent grower that can reseed itself, even under grazing conditions.

IT IS INTERESTING:  Should I clip my Shetland pony?

Can a horse founder on clover?

There is no fructan in warm-season grasses, yet horses can still founder on them. Since the same environmental conditions that create high fructan concentrations also increase sugar and starch levels, it’s best to just limit all NSCs.

Does clover cause laminitis?

Clover and alfalfa are dangerous for horses who are susceptible to laminitis. True. Clover and alfalfa contain relatively high levels of sugars and starch, both in pasture and as part of hay. These nutrients can start the chain of events that leads to digestive laminitis.

What clover is best for horses?

Common white clover and Ladino white clover are the most popular legumes for horse pastures. Although alfalfa is commonly recommended, it is seldom found in pasture mixes. Red clover is also commonly recommended but most horse owners avoid it because it can cause the slobbers.

Is crimson clover good for horses?

Although the most popular legume used among horse owners is alfalfa, other legumes such as red or crimson clover, lespedeza, birdsfoot trefoil, and peanut hay are often fed, and these provide horses with high-quality nutrients.